Words and Phrases from the Past: The Blog

Word Sources

English Dictionaries

E-ASH  The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, John Ash, 1795


E-BAI  An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, Nathan Bailey, 1737


E-BAI2  Dictionarium Britannicum, Nathan Bailey, G.Gordon, P. Miller, T. Lediard, 1736


E-BAR  A Complete and Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Rev. James Barclay, 1848


E-BLO  Glossographia Anglicana Nova, or, A Dictionary Interpreting such 
Hard Words....., Thomas Blount, 1707

E-BOA  A Popular and Complete English Dictionary. Rev. John Boag, 1848


E-BOU  Glossary of Archaic and Provincial Words, A Supplement to the Dictionaries of the 

English Language. Jonathan Boucher, 1832

E-BRO  The Union Dictionary, Thomas Browne, 1810


E-BRO2  The English Expositor, R. Browne, 1719


E-BUY  New and Complete Dictionary of Terms of Art, Egbert Buys, 1768


E-CEN  The Century Dictionary and Encyclopedia, William Dwight Whitney, 
1889-1891

E-CHA  Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary of the English Language, 
Rev. Thomas Davidson, 1903 

E-CLA  A New and Comprehensive Dictionary of the English Language, 
Hyde Clarke, 1872

E-COC  The English Dictionarie or an Interpreter of Hard English Words, 
Henry Cockeram, 1647

E-COL  An English Dictionary, Elisha Coles, 1717


E-COL2  Oldest Words in the English Language, Herbert Coleridge, 1862


E-DAV  A Supplementary English Glossary, O. Davies, T. Lewis, 1881 
(also under E-LEW)

E-DYC  A New General English Dictionary, Thomas Dyche, William Pardon, 
1760

E-FAL  The Progressive Dictionary of the English Language, Rt. Rev. Samuel 
Fallows, 1885

E-FOS  A Shakespeare Word-Book, John Foster, 1908


E-FUN  A Standard Dictionary of the English Language, Isaac K. Funk, 1908


E-HAL  A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, James Halliwell, 1855


E-HUN  The Encyclopaedic Dictionary, Robert Hunter, 1879-1888; and 
The American Encyclopaedic Dictionary, Robert Hunter, 1895

E-IMP  The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, Rev. John Ogilvie, 
1847-1850

E-JOH  A Dictionary of the English Language, Samuel Johnson, 1827


E-JOH2  Johnson's and Walker's English Dictionaries Combined, Samuel 
Johnson, John Walker, Henry John Todd, Alexander Chalmers, Joseph E. Worcester

E-KER  Dictionarium Anglo-Britannicum or, A General English Dictionary, John Kersey, 1708

E-KNO  A Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language, 
James Knowles, 1835

E-LEW  A Supplementary English Glossary, T. Lewis, O. Davies, 1881


E-MAC  Lost Beauties of the English Language, Charles Mackay, 1874


E-MAR  A Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language, Francis Andrew 
March, 1902

E-MAS  A Supplement to Johnson's English Dictionary, George Mason, 1801


E-MAU  The Treasury of Knowledge and Library of Reference, Samuel 
Maunder, 1840

E-MAY  A Glossary of Tudor and Stuart Words, A.L. Mayhew, 1914


E-MAY2  A Concise Dictionary of Middle English from AD 1150 to 1580, Rev. A. 
L. Mayhew, Rev. Walter W. Skeat, 1888

E-MOR  Specimens of Early English, Richard Morris, 1867


E-MOR2  Austral English, Edward Ellis Morris, 1898


E-NAR  A Glossary, or Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Illusions to 
Customs, Proverbs, Etc....., Robert Nares, 1888

E-NED  A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles, James Murray, 
1887-1933

E-ONI  A Shakespeare Glossary, C.T. Onions, 1911


E-PHI  The New World of Words or Universal English Dictionary, Edward 
Phillips, 1720

E-PHI2  The New World of Words or A General English Dictionary, Edward Phillips, 1671


E-RAY  A Compleat Collection of English Proverbs, John Ray 1818


E-SHE  A Complete Dictionary of the English Language, Thomas Sheridan, 
1790, 1797

E-SHI  Dictionary of Early English, Joseph Shipley, 1955


E-SID  The Shakespearian Referee, J.H. Siddons, 1886


E-SKE  A Glossary of Tudor and Stuart Words, Walter W. Skeat, 1914


E-SMI  Glossary of Terms and Phrases, Rev. H. Percy Smith, 1883


E-SMY  The Sailor's Word-Book: An Alphabetical Digest of Nautical Terms, 
William Smyth, 1867

E-STR  A Middle English Dictionary, Francis Henry Stratmann, Henry Bradley, 
1891

E-SVA  Intensifying Similes in English, T. Hilding Svartengren, 1918


E-TOO  A Glossary and Etymological Dictionary of Obsolete and Uncommon 
Words, William Toone, 1832 

E-WEB  Webster's International Dictionary of the English Language, Noah 
Porter, 1895

E-WHE  Dictionary of Reduplicated Words, Henry B. Wheatley, 1866


E-WRI  Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English, Thomas Wright, 1880, 
1886

(The Century Dictionary  "was a great expansion of the smaller Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, which in turn had been based on the 1841 edition of Noah Webster's American Dictionary" - from Wiki.)




English Dialect Dictionaries

ED-ADD  A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield, Sidney Oldall Addy, 1888

ED-AKE  A Glossary of Provincial Words and Phrases in use in Wiltshire, John 
Yonge Akerman, 1842

ED-ATK  A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect, Rev. J.C. Atkinson, 1868


ED-BAK  Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases, Anne Elizabeth 
Baker, 1854

ED-BAM  Dialect of South Lancashire, Samuel Bamford, 1850


ED-BLA  Dialect Glossary of North Riding of Yorkshire, Richard Blakeborough, 
1912

ED-BRO  A Glossary of North Country Words, John Trotter Brockett, 1825

ED-CAR  The Dialect of Craven in the West-Riding of the County of York, 
William Carr, 1828

ED-CHA  A Glossary of West Worcestershire Words, Mrs. Chamberlain, 1882


ED-CHA2  A Glossary of the Essex Dialect, Richard Stephen Charnock, 1880


ED-CHO  The Dialect of Hartland, Devonshire, R. Pearse Chope, 1891


ED-COL  A Glossary of Words Used in South-West Lincolnshire, Robert Eden 
George Cole, 1886

ED-COO  A Glossary of the Provincialisms in use in the County of Sussex, 
William Durrant Cooper, 1853

ED-COU  Glossary of Words in use in Cornwall, Miss M.A. Courtney, Thomas Q. 
Couch, 1880

ED-CUN  A Glossary of Rochdale-with-Rossendale Words and Phrases, Henry 
Cunliffe, 1886

ED-DAR  The Folk-Speech of South Cheshire, Thomas Darlington, 1887


ED-DAR2  A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Wiltshire, George 
Dartnell, 1893

ED-DIC  A Glossary of Words and Phrases Pertaining to the Dialect of 
Cumberland, William Dickinson, 1878

ED-DIN  A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Teesdale in the County of 
Durham, Frederick P. Dinsdale, 1849

ED-EAS  A Glossary of the Dialect of Almondbury and Huddersfield, Rev. Alfred 
Easther, 1883

ED-EDD  The English Dialect Dictionary, Joseph Wright, 1905


ED-ELL  Words in the Dialect of Cumberland, Westmoreland, and North 
Lancashire, which are Related to the Icelandic, Rev. T. Ellwood, 1895

ED-ELW  The West Somerset Word-Book, Frederick Thomas Elworthy, 1886


ED-EVA  Leicestershire Words, Phrases, and Proverbs, Arthur Evans, 1881


ED-FER  The Dialect of Cumberland, Robert Ferguson, 1873


ED-FOR  The Vocabulary of East Anglia, Robert Forby, 1830


ED-GEP  A Contribution to an Essex Dialect Dictionary, Edward Gepp, 1920


ED-GRO  A Glossary of Provincial and Local Words Used in England, Francis 
Grose, 1839

ED-HAR  A Glossary of Words used in the County of Salop, Rev. Charles
Henry Hartshorne, 1841

ED-HAR2  A Glossary of Words used in Swaledale, Yorkshire, Captain John 
Harland, 1873

ED-HAV  Herefordshire Words and Phrases, Francis T. Havergal, 1887


ED-HES  A Glossary of Words used in the County of Northumberland and on 
The Tyneside, Rd. Oliver Heslop, 1893-1894

ED-HEW  The Peasant Speech of Devon, Sarah Hewett, 1892


ED-HOL  A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Robert Holland, 
1886

ED-HOL2  A General Dictionary of Provincialisms, William Holloway, 1839


ED-HUN  The Hallamshire Glossary, Rev. Joseph Hunter, 1829


ED-HUN2  A Glossary of the Cotswold (Gloucestershire) Dialect, Rev. Richard 
Webster Huntley, 1868

ED-JAC  Shropshire Word-Book, Georgina E. Jackson, 1879


ED-JAG  Glossary of Cornish Provincial Words, Fred W.P. Jago, 1882


ED-JEN  The Dialect of the West of England particularly Somersetshire, James 
Jennings, 1869

ED-KIR  A Collection of Dialect Words and Phrases as used in Cumberland and 
Westmoreland, B. Kirkby, 1898

ED-LAW  The Nation in the Parish, or, Records of Upton-on-Severn....and a 
Glossary...by Robert Lawson, 1884

ED-LEI  A Glossary of Words used in the Dialect of Cheshire, Lieut.-Col. 
Egerton Leigh, 1877

ED-LEW A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Herefordshire, Sir George 
Cornewall Lewis, 1839

ED-LON  A Glossary of Provincial Words Used in Berkshire, J.G. Bell London, 
1852

ED-LON2  A Dictionary of the Isle of Wight Dialect, W.H. Long, 1886


ED-LOW  A Glossary of Berkshire Words and Phrases, Major B. Lowsley, 1888


ED-MOO  Suffolk Words and Phrases, Edward Moor, 1823


ED-MOR  Yorkshire Folk-Talk, Rev. M. C. F. Morris, 1892


ED-MOR2  A Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Furness, (North Lancashire), 
J. P. Morris, 1869

ED-NAL  Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, John Greaves Nall 1866


ED-NIC  The Folk Speech of East Yorkshire, John Nicholson, 1889


ED-NOD  A Glossary of the Lancashire Dialect, John H. Nodal, George Milner, 
1875 

ED-NOR  A Warwickshire Word-Book, G.F. Northall, 1896


ED-PAL  Words and Phrases Used at Hetton-Le-Hole (Durham), Rev. F. M. T. 
Palgrave, 1896

ED-PAL2  A Dialogue in the Devonshire Dialect, to which is added a Glossary, 
J.F. Palmer, 1837

ED-PAR  A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect, W.D. Parish, 1888


ED-PAR2  Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect, Rev. W.D. Parish, 1875


ED-PAT  A Glossary of Words in use in the Counties of Antrim and Down, W. 
Patterson, 1880

ED-PEA  Glossary of Words Used in the Wapentakes of Manley and 
Corringham, Edward Peacock, 1875

ED-POO  An Attempt Towards a Glossary of the Archaic and Provincial Words 
of the County of Stafford, Charles Henry Poole, 1880 

ED-PRE  A Supplement to the Glossary of the Dialect of Cumberland, E. W. 
Prevost, 1905

ED-ROB  A Glossary of Dialect and Archaic Words used in the County of 
Gloucester, J.D. Robertson, 1890

ED-ROB2  The Dialect of Leeds and its Neighbourhood, C. Clough Robinson, 
1862

ED-ROB3  A Glossary of Words pertaining to the Dialect of Mid-Yorkshire, C. 
Clough Robinson, 1876

ED-ROB4  A Glossary of Yorkshire Words and Phrases, Francis Kildale 
Robinson, 1855

ED-ROB5  A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Whitby, Edited by 
F. K. Robinson

ED-ROS   A Glossary of Words used in Holderness in the East Riding of 
Yorkshire, Frederick Ross, Richard Stead, Thomas Holderness, 1877

ED-RYE  A Glossary of Words used in East Anglia, Walter Rye, 1895

ED-SAL  A Glossary of Words and Phrases used in S. E. Worcestershire, Jesse 
Salisbury, 1893

ED-STE  The Dialect and Folk-Lore of Northamptonshire, Thomas Sternberg, 
1851

ED-THO  Randigal Rhymes and A Glossary of Cornish Words, Joseph Thomas, 
1895

ED-WIL  An Attempt at a Glossary of Some Words used in Cheshire, Roger 
Wilbraham, 1826


Scottish Dictionaries


SC-ANG   A Glossary of the Shetland Dialect, James Stout Angus, 1914


SC-BRO   A Dictionary of the Scottish Language, Captain Thomas Brown, 1845


SC-EDM   An Etymological Glossary of the Shetland and Orkney Dialect, Thos. 
Edmondston, 1866

SC-GRE  The Dialect of Banffshire, with a Glossary of Words not in Jamieson's 
Scottish Dictionary, Rev. Walter Gregor, 1866

SC-JAM  Jamieson's Dictionary of the Scottish Language, John Jamieson, John 
Johnstone, 1867

SC-JAM2  An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language, John Jamieson, 
1879-1887

SC-MAC  A Dictionary of Lowland Scotch, Charles Mackay, 1888


SC-MAC2  The Scottish Gallovidian Encyclopedia, John Mactaggart, 1876


SC-MAC3  The Gaelic Etymology of the Languages of Western Europe, and 
more especially of the English and and Lowland Scotch, Charles Mackay, 1877

SC-PIC  A Dictionary of the Scottish Language, Ebenezer Picken, 1818


SC-WAR  A Scots Dialect Dictionary, Alexander Warrack, 1911



American Dialect/Slang Dictionaries

AD-BAR  Dictionary of Americanisms, A Glossary of Words and Phrases usually 
regarded as peculiar to the United States, John Russell Bartlett, 1860

AD-CLA  A New Dictionary of Americanisms, Sylva Clapin, 189?


AD-DIA  Dialect Notes, A Publication of the American Dialect Society, 1905-
1912

AD-FAR  Americanisms Old and New, John S. Farmer, 1889


AD-GRE Word-Book of Virginia Folk-Speech, B.W. Green, 1912


AD-MAI  The American Slang Dictionary, James Maitland, 1891


AD-RUS  Current Americanisms: a Dictionary of Words and Phrases in Common
Use, T. Baron Russell, 1893

AD-THO  An American Glossary, Richard H. Thornton, 1912



Slang Dictionaries


SL-ANG   The Vulgar Tongue: A Glossary of Slang, Cant, and Flash Words and 
Phrases. Ducange Anglicus, 1859

SL-BAD  Slang: A Dictionary of the Turf, the Ring, the Chase, the Pit, or Bon-
ton...., John Badcock, 1823

SL-BAR  A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon, and Cant, Albert Barrere, 1890


SL-FAR  Slang and Its Analogues Past and Present, John S. Farmer, W.E. 
Henley, 1891-1902

SL-FAR2  A Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English, John S. Farmer, W.E. 
Henley, 1921

SL-GEN  A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting 
Crew, B.E. Gent, 1899

SL-GRO  Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 1823


SL-HOT  The Slang Dictionary, John Camden Hotten, 1913


SL-MAT  Vocabulum: Or, The Rogue's Lexicon, George Washington Matsell, 1859


SL-PAR  Slang Today and Yesterday, Eric Partridge, 1933


SL-WAR  Passing English of the Victorian Era, James Redding Ware, 1909



Phrase Dictionaries

PH-BRE  Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894

PH-DIX  Dictionary of Idiomatic English Phrases, James Main Dixon, 1891


PH-HYA  A Dictionary of English Phrases, Albert M. Hyamson, 1922



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